Thesis: Involvement of Diasporas in Peacebuilding Processes: A Comparative Analysis of Local Elite Perceptions of Bosnian Diaspora’s Incorporation in Ownership Frameworks
Jasmin has successfully completed his Ph.D. studies at the Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali Guido Carli di Roma and l'Université libre de Bruxelles. His academic and professional background is in the IR, European Studies, Political Science and Law. He holds a Bachelor's and a Master's degree in Law from the University of Sarajevo, a B.A. in European Studies and International Relations from Masaryk University, and an M.A. in Political Science from Central European University.
He worked at the Embassy of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Brussels, as a research analyst at the Centre for Security Studies in Sarajevo, as a trainee at the European Parliament in Brussels, and as an active member of the Humanity in Action - an international educational organization.
His research interests are:
- Diaspora Studies;
- Peacebuilding and Transitional Justice;
- Constitutional Law and Comparative Political Systems.
For further inquiries please contact him directly.
2013 | LL.M. in Legal Theory and Jurisprudence, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo - Bosnia and Herzegovina
2012 | M.A. in Political Science, Central European University, Budapest - Hungary
2011 | B.A. in International Relations / European Studies, Masaryk University, Brno - Czech Republic
2010 | LL.B. in Law and Legal studies, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo - Bosnia and Herzegovina
2006 | International Baccalaureate Program IBO, IB Diploma Program, Druga Gimnazija, Maribor - Slovenia
September 2012 – July 2013 | Research Analyst
Center for Security Studies, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
February 2010- May 2010 | Trainee
The European Parliament, Brussels, Belgium
The office of Baroness Sarah Ludford, ALDE MEP from London
June 2009 - ongoing | Senior Fellow
Humanity In Action Germany and Fondacija Humanost u akciji Bosnia and Herzegovina
Specific Research Title, Area and Promotor(s)
Political Science, Political Theory and International Relations
Prof. Valentina Gentile, Ph.D. (LUISS)
Prof. Barbara Delcourt, Ph.D. (ULB)
Description of research work
Academic research on peacebuilding, without the keywords ‘local’ or ‘ownership’, has become almost unthinkable nowadays. This thesis aims to contribute to current debates by offering insight into discursive and practical meanings of local elites’ strategies to actively seek and utilize diaspora’s capacity to help their own position in the peacebuilding ownership configuration. It focuses on examination of the local ‘elite self-empowerment’ through power-sharing arrangements with diaspora that can further offer a deeper understanding of how local ownership of peacebuilding is articulated and operationalized in a post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina.
This is a case-oriented comparative study, which combines the use comparative methods and Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) analysis tools. Ideal-type and fsQCA are used for creating empirical typologies, as well as a systematic analysis of selected conditions across investigated mono- and multiethnic sets of cases. Comparative methods are used for their further juxtaposition and finding similarities between individual cases belonging to the same group, and identifying overall differences between groups.
The thesis demonstrates that overwhelming success of the Bosnian diaspora in the economic sphere can be an excellent indicator of their overall capacity to contribute to other areas of post-conflict reconstruction and peacebuilding. Elite-driven inclusion of conflict-generated diaspora, as an agent of peacebuilding, contributes to more successful dynamics and management of the process, which as a result can advance local elites’ share in ‘owning’ the process. There are several types of diaspora incorporation strategies in local peacebuilding frameworks, which are shaped and embedded in the local contexts; variations amongst them depend on factors that are not ethnically-based but rather rationalist in their conception; incorporation of diaspora is perceived as a viable alternative to externally-led peacebuilding, and has the potential of overcoming the post-conflict democratic transformation fatigue that currently exists in the country.
Even though a core building-block of any study of diaspora is the diasporic community itself, this study is not focused on examining their actions or patterns of behavior. This thesis is about exploring and testing alliance-building strategies of local elites towards diaspora communities, which is a craft that has yet to be mastered. Currently, diasporas are considered as ‘resources’ or ‘tools’ for their countries of origin, not as genuine partners. This work shows that homeland local governments, need to avoid making assumptions of an inherent diasporic ‘obligation to help’, especially in post-conflict reconstruction, and must work instead on developing local strategies of diaspora incorporation in order to profit from their involvement and enhance their own local peacebuilding capacities.
There exists a growing interest in inspecting the roles of diaspora groups in the countries and regions of their origins, yet scholarly work on Bosnian diaspora’s political involvement in BiH is extremely limited. This study focuses on elites’ perceptions of diaspora’s role as an agent; it examines types of specific positioning locals have towards their potential engagement, and how it all impacts dynamics of the entire peacebuilding process. Exploring different venues for co-option of Bosnian diaspora on a local level opens up and attracts new theoretical meanings to local ownership in peacebuilding processes. Research findings indicate that developing transnational management policies to attract diaspora’s engagement, through sharing decision-making powers on a local level, can contribute to compensating for shortcomings that locals have been unable to overcome in the past to advance their ownership position in the peacebuilding process.