GEM PhD School

Globalisation, Europe & Multilateralism

Erasmus Mundus Joint Doctorate

Academic Degrees & Titles

PhD from the University of Wales, Aberystwyth. Formerly held positions at Keele University and the University of Birmingham. He has also spent several years as a research fellow at Copenhagen Peace Research Institute, the Danish Institute for International Studies, as well as being a visiting scholar at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs and the University of Lapland. Chris is also Director of Graduate Studies.

Research Area(s)

Critical approaches to security; identity politics; critical geopolitics; European security; Baltic/Nordic regional cooperation; transatlantic relations; the West. Geographically his interests are focused on the Baltic Sea Region, Europe, and transatlantic relations. He explores subjects such as the ones seen in his key publications: The Struggle for the West: A Divided and Contested Legacy (eds. with Marko Lehti) (Routledge, 2010); Constructivism, Narrative and Foreign Policy: A Case Study of Finland (Peter Lang, 2008); Remaking Europe in the Margins: Northern Europe after the Enlargements (ed.) (Ashgate, 2005).

Specific Research Interest(s)

1. Changing conceptions of the West and Europe. In particular I am interested in the nature of the West and Europe as discursive concepts, the extent to which different discursive legacies of the West can be identified and how they interact with each other (e.g. Anglosphere, Francophone, Hispanic and Germanic Wests), and the ability of outsiders to challenge the West's understandings of itself and play constitutive roles in defining what the West is about in the first place. In this context I previously coordinated a NORFACE seminar series on ‘The Transatlantic Relationship and the Struggle for Europe’. Details of the series and downloads of papers presented can be found at: http://www.norface.org/seminar1.html. The project resulted in the following book: The Struggle for the West: A Divided and Contested Legacy (Routledge: 2010)

2. Ethical/normative agendas in critical approaches to security. In this respect I am working on developing links between the Copenhagen and Welsh schools of critical security studies and their respective concepts of securitisation and emancipation, but am more generally interested in what an ethical agenda to critical approaches to security might look like.

3. The role of borders, margins and hybrid spaces in international relations with a particular focus on how marginal spaces can attain subjectivity and influence in processes of Europe-making. I am in particular interested in the EU's relations with its near abroad through things such as the European Neighbourhood Policy. 4. The relationship between different understandings of security and community building. In this respect, I am engaged in a project exploring the relationship between physical security (security as violence) and ontological security (security as being) in the construction of transnational communities. I am in particular interested in the idea and construction of the so-called Nordic peace and the extent to which this case stands as an anomaly challenging traditional security theory, especially that of the security communities literature. I am more generally interested in the construction of political space, identity and security in the Nordic region.

Teaching(s)

Graduate level teaching: Coordinator PO967 New Security Challenges

Undergraduate level teaching: Coordinator PO231 International Security

Suggested Fields of Inquiry

Critical approaches to security

(Critical) geopolitics

Politics of identity

Overview of Publications

Books

The Struggle for the West: A Divided and Contested Legacy, eds. with Marko Lehti (London: Routledge; 2010)

Constructivism, Narrative and Foreign Policy: A Case Study of Finland (Peter Lang 2008).

Remaking Europe in the Margins: Northern Europe after the Enlargements, ed. (Aldershot: Ashgate 2005).

Cooperation and Conflict 39(3) 2004. Special Issue on Baltic Sea Politics, eds. with Pertti Joenniemi.

Journal Articles

(forthcoming) 'The Future of Critical Security Studies: Ethics and the Politics of Security', European Journal of International Relations. With Matt McDonald.

'Experimenting in the Northern Laboratory: The Emergence of an EU Approach to Security Governance in the North and its Broader Significance', European Security 19(3) 2010, pp.395-411.

'The Constitutive Power of Outsiders: The European Neighbourhood Policy and the Eastern Dimension', Political Geography 29(2) 2010, pp.109-18. With George Christou.

‘Reassessing Putin's Project: Reflections on IR Theory and the West’, Problems of Post-Communism 55(5) (Sept/Oct) 2008, pp.1-11.

‘Geostrategies of the European Neighbourhood Policy’, European Journal of International Relations 14(3) 2008, pp.519-52. With Pertti Joenniemi.

‘Beyond East-West: Marginality and National Dignity in Finnish Identity Construction’, Nationalities Papers 35(4) 2007, pp.691-716. With Marko Lehti.

‘Branding Nordicity: Models, Identity and the Decline of Exceptionalism’, Cooperation and Conflict 42(1) 2007, pp.27-51.

‘Small, Smart and Salient? Rethinking Identity in the Small States Literature’, Cambridge Review of International Affairs 19(4) 2006, pp.669-684.

‘”Ystävien piiri” Euroopan rajana – uuden naapuruuspolitiikan vaikutukset pohjoisessa’ [Europe Bordered by a “Ring of Friends”: On the Impact of the ENP in the North] Kosmopolis 35(3) 2005, pp.6-19. With Pertti Joenniemi.

‘Exporting Idealism? The Prospects of Baltic Sea Region Cooperation after Enlargement’, Lithuanian Annual Strategic Review 2004 (Vilnius: Lithuanian Military Academy, 2005) pp.85-97.

‘Contending Discourses of Marginality: The Case of Kaliningrad’, Geopolitics 9(3) 2004, pp.699-730. With Pertti Joenniemi. ‘Introduction: The Challenges of EU and NATO Enlargement’, Cooperation and Conflict 39(3) 2004, pp.227-231. With Pertti Joenniemi.

‘Regionality Beyond Security? The Baltic Sea Region after Enlargement’, Cooperation and Conflict 39(3) 2004, pp.233-253. With Pertti Joenniemi. ‘The European Union’s Two Dimensions: The Eastern and the Northern’, Security Dialogue 34(4) 2003, pp.463-479. With Pertti Joenniemi.

‘The Internal/External Security Paradox and the Reconstruction of Boundaries in the Baltic: The Case of Kaliningrad’, Alternatives 28(5) 2003, pp.545-581.

‘Complementarities and Differences in EU and US Policies in Northern Europe’, Journal of International Relations and Development 6(1) 2003, pp.23-50.

‘The Region-Building Approach Revisited: The Continued Othering of Russia in Discourses of Region-Building in the European North’, Geopolitics 8(1) 2003, pp.45-71.

’Lännen ja Venäjän suhteet lämpenevät: Pohjoinen ulottuvuus syyskuun 11. päivän terrori-iskujen jälkeen’, Ulkopolitiikka 2/2002, pp.33-40.

‘Coming Home or Moving Home? “Westernising” Narratives in Finnish Foreign Policy and the Re-interpretation of Past Identities’, Cooperation and Conflict 37(1) 2002, pp.47-72.

‘A Multi-Dimensional Approach to Regional Cooperation: The United States and the Northern European Initiative’, European Security 10(4) 2001, pp.84-108.

Book chapters

'Geographic Centrality and Marginality: East, West and North in Finnish Symbolic Geography', in Alexander Maxwell (ed.) The East-West Discourse: Symbolic Geography and its Consequences(Oxford: Peter Lang; 2011). With Marko Lehti, pp.155-68.

'Introduction: New Tensions in a Troubled Partnership', in Christopher S. Browning and Marko Lehti (eds.) The Struggle for the West: A Divided and Contested Legacy (London: Routledge; 2010). With Marko Lehti, pp.1-11.

'The West: Contested, Narrated and Clustered', in Christopher S. Browning and Marko Lehti (eds.) The Struggle for the West: A Divided and Contested Legacy (London: Routledge; 2010). With Marko Lehti, pp.15-32.

'Beyond the West and Towards the Anglosphere?', in Christopher S. Browning and Marko Lehti (eds.) The Struggle for the West: A Divided and Contested Legacy (London: Routledge; 2010). With Ben Tonra, pp.161-181.

'Conclusion: The Resilient West?', in Christopher S. Browning and Marko Lehti (eds.) The Struggle for the West: A Divided and Contested Legacy (London: Routledge; 2010). pp.218-229.

‘Gibraltar, Jerusalem, Kaliningrad: Peripherality, Marginality, Hybridity’, Noel Parker (ed.) The Geopolitics of Europe's Identity: Centers, Boundaries, and Margins (PalgraveMacmillan 2008). With Pertti Joenniemi, pp.141-58.

‘The Geopolitical Consequences of the European Neighbourhood Policy: Or Why the Northern Dimension Matters’, in Joan Debardeleben (ed.) The Boundaries of EU Enlargement: Finding a Place for Neighbours (PalgraveMacmillan 2008). With Pertti Joenniemi. pp.33-49

‘Rethinking Assumptions about Power and Influence in International Relations: The Transatlantic Rift, Small States and Finnish Lessons’, in Yury Akimov and Dmitri Katsy (eds.) Post-Cold War Challenges to International Relations (St. Petersburg: Saint-Petersburg State University Press, 2006) pp.51-93

‘From East-West to New Europe-Old Europe: The American Challenge to Finnish Identity’, in David J. Smith (ed.) The Baltic States and their Region: New Europe or Old? (Amsterdam: Rodopi 2005) pp.11-38.

‘Introduction: Remaking Europe in the Margins’, in Christopher S. Browning (ed.) Remaking Europe in the Margins: Northern Europe af ther Enlargements (Aldershot: Ashgate 2005) pp.1-10.

‘Westphalian, Imperial, Neomedieval: The Geopolitics of Europe and the role of the North’, in Christopher S. Browning (ed.) Remaking Europe in the Margins: Northern Europe after the Enlargements (Aldershot: Ashgate 2005) pp.85-101.

‘Conclusion: Europe-Making and the North after Enlargement’, in Christopher S. Browning (ed.) Remaking Europe in the Margins: Northern Europe after the Enlargements (Aldershot: Ashgate 2005). With Pertti Joenniemi, pp.205-223.

‘Kaliningrad’ιn Kimlik Arayιşι: Nereye Ait Olmak?’, in Erhan Büyükakinci (ed.) Değişen Dünyada Rusya ve Ukrayna (Ankara: Phoenix 2004) pp.231-63. With Pertti Joenniemi.

‘The EU as a foreign policy actor: the limitations of territorial sovereignty’, in Stefano Guzzini and Dietrich Jung (eds.) Contemporary Security Analysis and Copenhagen Peace Research (London: Routledge 2004) pp.167-179.

‘From Modern to Post-Modern Region-Building: Emancipating the Finnish Nation from the State’, in Marko Lehti and David Smith (eds.) Post-Cold War Identity Politics: Northern and Baltic Experiences (London: Frank Cass 2003) pp.101-127.

‘Towards a New Agenda? US, Russian and EU Policies in Northern Europe’, in Lars Hedegaard and Bjarne Lindström (eds.) The NEBI Yearbook 2003: North European and Baltic Sea Integration ( Berlin: Springer 2003) pp.273-289.

‘The Identity of Kaliningrad: Russian, European or a Third Space?’, co-authored with Pertti Joenniemi in Irina Busygina and Olga Potemkina (eds.) New Frontiers of Europe: Opportunities and Challenges (Moscow: MGIMO University 2003) pp.138-192.

‘Competing or Complementary Policies? Understanding the Relationship between the NEI and NDI’ in Konstantin Khudoley and Stanislav Tkachenko (eds.) Challenges to International Relations in Post-Cold War Europe (St. Petersburg: Saint-Petersburg State University Press 2002) pp.115-145.

Working Papers/Miscellaneous

Gibraltar, Jerusalem, Kaliningrad: Peripherality, Marginality, Hybridity (Mariehamn: Åland Islands Peace Research Institute, Report 1/2007). With Pertti Joenniemi.

Geostrategies of the European Neighbourhood Policy (Copenhagen: DIIS Working Paper 2007/9) pp.37. With Pertti Joenniemi.

'Rethinking Marginality: The Northern Experience as a Resource’, BALTINFO – Official Newsletter of the Council of the Baltic Sea States (No. 71, March, 2005) pp.6-7.

‘Marginaalin kautta ytimeen’, [To the Core via the Margin] Ulkopolitiikka, 1/2004, pp.81-82. With Pertti Joenniemi.

‘The Identity of Kaliningrad: Russian, European or a Third Space?’ in Fabrizio Tassinari (ed.) The Baltic Sea Region in the European Union: Reflections on Identity, Soft-Security and Marginality (Gdansk and Berlin: BaltSeaNet Working Papers 8, 2003) pp.58-103. With Pertti Joenniemi.

‘Towards and enduring rapprochement in Northern Europe’, in Teresa Pohjola and Johanna Rainio (eds.)The New North of Europe: Policy Memos (Helsinki: Ulkopoliittinen instituutti and Institut für Europäische Politik 2002) pp.10-14.

The Internal/External Security Paradox and the Reconstruction of Boundaries in the Baltic: The Case of Kaliningrad (Copenhagen: COPRI Working Papers 21/2002) 42 pages.

Competing or Complementary Policies? Understanding the Relationship between the NEI and NDI (Copenhagen: COPRI Working Papers 8/2002) 29 pages.

'Tilnærmelse mellem Vesten og Rusland: Hvilken rolle spiller EUs nordlige dimension efter 11. September?’ [West-Russian Rapprochement: What Role for the EU’s Northern Dimension after September 11] COPRI Nyhedsbrev 12/2002, pp.32-38.

The Construction of Europe in the Northern Dimension (Copenhagen: COPRI Working Papers 39/2001) 37 pages.

A Multi-Dimensional Approach to Regional Cooperation: The United States and the Northern European Initiative (Copenhagen: COPRI Working Papers 15/2001) 32 pages.

The Region-Building Approach Revisited: The Continued Othering of Russia in Discourses of Region-Building in the European North (Copenhagen: COPRI Working Papers 6/2001) 60 pages.

Coming Home or Moving Home? “Westernising” Narratives in Finnish Foreign Policy and the Re-interpretation of Past Identities (Helsinki: Finnish Institute of International Affairs, Working Paper 16/1999) 29 pages.