GEM PhD School

Globalisation, Europe & Multilateralism

Erasmus Mundus Joint Doctorate

Academic Degrees & Titles

BA, MA (University of Oxford), MA (University of Rochester), MA, PhD (University of Sheffield)

Research Area(s)

  • Japanese foreign and security policy
  • Japanese international political economy
  • Regionalism in East Asia
  • Japanese radicalism and terrorism
  • Post-Cold War traditional and non-traditional security policy
  • North Korea's external political and economic relations

Specific Research Interest(s)

  • Japanese foreign and security policy
  • Japanese international political economy
  • Regionalism in East Asia
  • Japanese radicalism and terrorism
  • Post-Cold War traditional and non-traditional security policy
  • North Korea's external political and economic relations


Currently Professor Hughes is working on projects which examine Japan's response to issues of globalisation and governance; the intersection of globalisation and security, with particular reference to the Asia-Pacific region; the impact on regional and global security of missile defence; and the future of multilateral and bilateral security and trading arrangements in the Asia-Pacific.


International Relations of Pacific-Asia - PO920

Suggested Fields of Inquiry

Post Cold-War security policy; regionalisation and security policy in the Asia-Pacific; Japanese foreign and security policy; political economy of Japan and Northeast Asia; Japanese-North Korea relations; Japan-EU relations; Japanese radicalism and terrorism; Missile Defence in the Asia-Pacific; East Asian Defence Industries

Overview of Publications

Single-Authored Books

Japan's Remilitarisation (Routledge, 2009) 186 pages.

Japan’s Re-emergence as a ‘Normal’ Military Power? (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2004) 156 pages.

Japan’s Security Agenda: Military, Economic and Environmental Dimensions (Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2004) 287 pages. (Riben Anquan Yiti, Chinese translation 2009)

Japan’s Economic Power and Security: Japan and North Korea (London, Routledge, 1999) 234 pages.

Co-authored books

Japan’s International Relations: Politics: Economics and Security, with G. Hook, J. Gilson, and H. Dobson (London, Routledge, 2011) 560 pages. 

Japan’s International Relations: Politics: Economics and Security, with G. Hook, J. Gilson, and H. Dobson (London, Routledge, 2005) 623 pages.

Co-edited books

Globalisation, Political Violence and Translation, with Esperenca Bielsa (Basingstoke, Palgrave, 2009). 

Regionalisation and Global Governance: The Taming of Globalisation?, with Andrew F. Cooper and Philippe de Lombaerde (Routledge, 2007).

The Globalization of Political Violence: Globalization's Shadow, with Richard Devetak (London, Routledge, 2008).

New Regionalisms in the Global Political Economy: Theories and Cases, with S. Breslin, B. Rosamond and N. Philips (London, Routledge, 2002) 257 pages.

Book translation

Japanese Business Management: Restructuring for Low Growth and Globalisation, H. Hasegawa and G. D. Hook (editors), London, Routledge, 1997, 246 pages.

Refereed Journal Articles

'Japan as civilian power, soft power, or normal military power', Journal for International and Strategic Studies, N4 Special Issue: Japan, Spring 2011, pp. 14-19.

'Japan's response to China's rise: regional engagement, global containment, dangers of collision', International Affairs, vol. 85, no. 4, 2009, pp. 191-214.

"Supersizing" the DPRK threat: Japan's Evolving Military Posture and North Korea', Asian Survey, vol. 49, no. 2, March/April 2009, 291-312.

'Managing the MedUSA: comparing the political economy of US-Japan, US-UK, and US-Germany relations', The Pacific Review, vol. 20, no. 3, September 2007, pp. 257-271 (with Ellis S. Krauss and Verena Blechinger Talcott.

'Japan's new security agenda', Survival: The IISS Quarterly, vol. 49, no. 2, Summer 2007, pp. 157-176 (with Ellis S. Krauss).


'Not quite the "Great Britain of the Far East": Japan's security, the US-Japan alliance, and the "war on terror"', Cambridge Review of International Affairs, vol. 20, no. 2, June 2007, pp. 325-338.

‘North Korea’s nuclear weapons: implications for the nuclear ambitions of Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan’, Asia Policy, vol. 2, no. 1, January 2007, pp 105-123.

‘The political economy of Japanese sanctions towards North Korea: domestic coalitions and international systemic pressures’, Pacific Affairs, vol. 79. no. 3, Fall 2006, pp. 455-481

'Japanese constitutional revision and security policy: why might it happen and what does it mean?', Orbis: A Journal of World Affairs, vol. 50, no. 4, Fall 2006, pp. 724-744.

‘Japan’s security policy, the US Japan alliance, and the ‘war on terror’: incrementalism confirmed or radical leap’, Australian Journal of International Affairs, vol. 58, no. 4, December 2004, pp. 427 445.

‘Japan-North Korea relations from the North-South summit to the Koizumi-Kim Summit’, Asia-Pacific Review, vol. 9, no. 2, November 2002, pp. 61-78.

‘Reflections on globalisation, security and 9/11’, Cambridge Review of International Affairs, vol. 15, no. 3, October 2002, pp. 421-434. (Reprinted in Marina Della Giusta, Uma S. Kambhampati, and Robert Wade (eds.) Critical Perspectives on Globalization, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2006)

‘Japan and the East Asian financial crisis: patterns, motivations and instrumentalisation of Japanese regional economic diplomacy’, with G. Hook, J. Gilson, and H. Dobson, European Journal of East Asian Studies, vol. 1, no. 2, 2002, pp. 177-198.


‘Japan’s changing structure of civilian control: Japan, civilian control and the “normal” state’, Harvard Asia Quarterly, vol. 6, no. 2, Autumn 2002, pp. 22-27.


‘Conceptualising the globalisation security nexus in the Asia Pacific’, Security Dialogue, vol. 32, no. 4, December 2001, pp. 407 21.


‘Japan’s strategy-less North Korean strategy: shifting policies of containment and engagement and implications for US-Japan-South Korea security co-operation’, Korean Journal of Defense Analysis, vol. 12, no. 2, Winter 2000, pp. 153-181.


‘Japanese policy and the East Asian currency crisis: abject defeat or quiet victory?’, Review of International Political Economy, vol. 7, no. 2, 2000, pp. 219-253.


‘Japan’s Aum Shinrikyo, the changing nature of terrorism, and the post Cold War security agenda’, Pacifica Review: Peace Security and Global Change, vol. 10, no. 1, February 1998, pp. 39 60.


‘Japanese policy and the North Korean ‘soft landing’, The Pacific Review, vol. 11, no. 3, 1998, pp. 389-415.


‘Japan’s subregional and defence linkages with ASEANs, South Korea and China in the 1990s’, The Pacific Review, vol. 9, no. 2, Spring 1996, pp. 229-50.


‘The North Korean nuclear crisis and Japanese security’, Survival: The IISS Quarterly, vol. 38, no. 2, Spring 1996, pp. 79-103.


'Japan's military modernisation: a quiet Japan-China arms race and global power projection', Asia-Pacific Review, vol. 16, no. 1, May 2009, pp. 84-99.


'Beyond interdependence: globalization, state transformation and security', in Geoffrey Till, Emrys Chew and Joshua Ho (eds.) Globalization and Defence in the Asia-Pacific: Arms Across Asia, London, Routledge, 2009, pp. 34-49.

‘Japan and multilateralism in the North Korean nuclear crisis: roadmap or dead end?’, in Linus Hagström and Marie Söderberg (eds.) North Korea Policy: Japan and the Great Powers, London, Routledge, 2006, pp. 151-170.

‘Japan, East Asian regionalisation and selective resistance to globalisation: regional divisions of labour and financial cooperation’, in Richard Stubbs and Geoffrey R.D. Underhill (eds.) Political Economy and the Changing Global Order, 3rd Edition, Oxford, Oxford University Press (forthcoming).

‘Japan-US security relations: toward “bilateralism-plus”?’, with A. Fukushima, in E. S. Krauss and T. J. Pempel (eds.) Beyond Bilateralism: The US-Japan Relationship in the New Asia-Pacific, Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 2003, pp. 55-86.

‘Tumen River Development Area Programme (TRADP): frustrated micro-regionalism as a microcosm of political rivalries’, in S. Breslin and G. Hook (eds.)Mircoregionalism and World Order, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2002, pp. 115-143.

‘The Police Reaction to Aum’, in R. J. Kisala and M. Mullins (eds.) Religion and Social Crisis in Japan: Understanding Japanese Society Through the Aum Affair, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2001, pp. 53-70.

‘Japan and East Asia’, in P. Heenan (ed.) The Japan Handbook: Regional Handbooks of Economic Development, New York, Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 1998, pp. 246-59.

Refereed Book Chapters

'Japan's policy towards China: domestic structural change, globalization, history and nationalism', in Christopher M. Dent (ed.) China, Japan and Regional Leadership in East Asia, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2008, pp. 37-51.

'Japanese military modernization in search of a 'normal' military role', in Ashley J. Tellis and Michael Wills (eds.) Strategic Asia 2005-2006: Military Modernization in an Era of Uncertainty, Washington DC, National Bureau of Asian Research, 2005, pp. 103-134.

‘A multi-dimensional approach to security: the case of Japan’, in P. Dombrowski (ed.) Guns and Butter: The Political Economy of International Security, Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2005, pp. 99-120.

‘Globalisation and security in East Asia’, in C. M. Dent (ed.) Asia-Pacific Economic and Security Cooperation: New Regional Agendas, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003, pp. 34-50.

‘Sino-Japanese relations and Ballistic Missile Defence’, in M. Soderberg (ed.) Chinese-Japanese Relations in the Twenty-First Century: Complementarity and Conflict, London, Routledge, 2002, pp. 69-87.

‘Japan in Europe: Asian and European perspectives’, in G. Hook and H. Hasegawa (eds.) The Political Economy of Japanese Globalisation: European and Asian Perspectives, London, Routledge, 2001, pp. 40-55.

CSGR Working Papers

Japan, the post-9/11 security agenda, and the political economy of inequality and insecurity, CSGR Working Paper No. 127/04 - January 2004

Japan’s Security Policy and the War on Terror: Steady Incrementalism or Radical Leap?, CSGR Working Paper No. 105/02 - August 2002

Reflections on Globalisation, Security and 9/11, CSGR Working Paper No. 105/02 - August 2002

Sino-Japanese relations and Ballistic Missile Defence, CSGR Working Paper No. 64/01 - January 2001

Tumen River Area Development Programme: Frustrated Micro-Regionalism,  CSGR Working Paper No. 57/00 - August 2000

Globalisation and Security in the Asia-Pacific: An Initial Investigation, CSGR Working Paper No. 61/00 - November 2000

Japanese Policy and the East Asian Currency Crisis: Abject Defeat or Quiet Victory?, CSGR Working Paper No. 24/99 - February 1999