GEM PhD School

Globalisation, Europe & Multilateralism

Erasmus Mundus Joint Doctorate

Academic Degrees & Titles

Dr Richard Youngs joined PAIS in September 2004 to lecture on a part-time basis. He obtained his BA (Hons) at Cambridge University, and his MA and PhD from Warwick University. He has held positions as analyst at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office; research fellow to an EU project on democracy promotion; and from 2001-2004, EU Marie Curie Fellow, based at the Norwegian Institute for International Relations in Oslo. 

Dr Youngs is Director of the Madrid-based think tank FRIDE.

Research Area(s)

History of economic ideas; classical political economy; global finance; the ethical dimension of economic analysis; International Political Economy theory; British politics

Specific Research Interest(s)

History of economic ideas, particularly the work of Adam Smith, Thorstein Veblen and Karl Polanyi; the evolution of different styles of political economy analysis, particularly the shift from classical political economy to neoclassical economics; the operation of global financial markets; the political economy of modern asset markets; spectatorial theories of moral agency within classical political economy; current debates within International Political Economy theory; the process of British welfare state reform under New Labour


Europe and the World:  This module explores debates over the EU’s effectiveness as a foreign policy actor, and the nature of recent European policies in a number of strategically important areas of the world.

Suggested Fields of Inquiry

International dimensions of democratisation; EU foreign and security policy; comparative democratisation; Western policies towards the Islamic world; integration and International Relations theory.

Overview of Publications

Single authored books 

Europe's Decline and Fall: The Struggle Against Global Irrelevance, London: Profile Books, 2010  

Europe's Role in World Politics: A Retreat from Liberal Internationalism, London: Routledge, 2010  

Energy Security: Europe's New Foreign Policy Challenge , London: Routledge, 2009  

Europe And The Middle East: In The Shadow of September 11, Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2006  

International Democracy and the West: The Role of Governments, NGOs and Multinationals, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004  

The European Union and the Promotion of Democracy: Europe’s Mediterranean and East Asian Policies, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002  

Edited Books 

The European Union and Democracy Promotion: A Critical Global Assessment Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010  

New Challenges to Democratization,London: Routledge, 2009. With Peter Burnell Democracy’s Plight in the European Neighbourhood: Causes and Failing Responses, Brussels: CEPS, 2009. With Michael Emerson  

Islamist Radicalisation: The Challenge for Euro-Mediterranean Relations , Madrid and Brussels: FRIDE/CEPS, 2009. With Michael Emerson  

Is the European Union Supporting Democracy in its Neighbourhood? , Madrid: FRIDE, 2008  

Political Islam and European Foreign Policy, Madrid and Brussels: FRIDE/CEPS, 2007. With Michael Emerson  

Strategies For Democratic Change: Assessing The Global Response, Madrid and Washington, DC: FRIDE/Democracy Coalition Project, 2006. With Ted Piccone  

Survey of European Democracy Policies , Madrid: FRIDE, 2006.

The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership: Assessing the First Decade, Madrid: FRIDE/Elcano Institute, 2005. With Haizam Amirah Fernández 

The European Union and Democracy Promotion: The Case of North Africa, London: Frank Cass, 2002. With Richard Gillespie  

Spain: The European and International Challenges, London: Frank Cass, 2000. With Richard Gillespie  

Recent refereed articles 

Europe, the Mediterranean, the Middle East and the need for triangulation, International Spectator 45/3, 2010. With Ana Echagüe 

The End of the Euro-Mediterranean Vision, International Affairs 85/5, 2009. With Kristina Kausch.

Democracy as External Governance?, Journal of European Public Policy 16/6, 2009.

The EU and Ukraine: A door neither open nor closed, International Politics 46/4, 2009. 

Fusing Security and Development: Just Another Euro-Platitude?, Journal of European Integration 30/3, July 2008. 

Trends in Democracy Assistance: What has Europe been doing?, Journal of Democracy, April 2008. 

Europe and the Gulf: Strategic Neglect, Studia Diplomatica, May 2007. With Ana Echagüe. 

The EU and Conflict in West Africa, European Foreign Affairs Review 11/3, Autumn 2006. 

A New Approach in the Great Lakes? The Evolution of European Conflict Resolution Strategies, Journal of Contemporary African Studies  22/3, September 2004. 

Democratic Institution Building and Conflict Resolution: Emerging EU Approaches, International Peacekeeping  11/3 Summer 2004. 

Normative Dynamics and Strategic Interests in the EU’s External Identity. Journal of Common Market Studies 42/2, 2004. 

Democracy and the Multinationals, Democratization  11/1, 2004.

European Approaches to Security in the Mediterranean, Middle East Journal  57/3, Summer 2003.

European Approaches to Democracy Funding: Learning the Right Lessons?, Third World Quarterly  24/1, 2003.


Policy Briefs and Working Papers 

For Policy Briefs and Working Papers published through FRIDE and other thinks tanks, please go to 

Normative Dynamics and Strategic Interests in the EU's External Identity

‘Normative Dynamics and Strategic Interests in the EU’s External Identity’ Journal of Common Market Studies 42/2, 2004